(C) Copyright: City Farmer
Information on the use of composting toilets in cities is not easy to find. Building and plumbing codes don't encourage installation. Compost toilet systems are more common in parks, roadside facilities and vacation homes.
Toilet Tech presents a low-cost and low-hazard solution for the management of waterless human waste at public and private sites. Toilet Tech's urine diverting invertebrate decomposition toilets are superior to: expensive barrel fly out toilets, hazardous and ineffective conventional composting toilets, and water polluting pit toilets. 100% of urine is diverted and treated onsite by native or engineered soil. Fecal matter and toilet paper are consumed by invertebrates leaving very little residue. No bulking agent is required. Highly stabilized waste extraction is very infrequent. Odor is very low.
City Farmer has a Compost Toilet!
"But how do we use it", the staff wanted to know? "There's no water in the bowl, no handle for flushing. What can we throw in it, how do we keep track of how much human waste goes in, and what words should we use to describe our waste?"
Sun-Mar Composting Toilets. Zero environmental impact. Use no water. Works with nature to produce fertilizer and evaporate liquids. Useful in cottages, cabins, pool cabanas, residences.
The C.K. Choi Building
at The University of British Columbia
In Vancouver, British Columbia, a 30,000 sq. ft. office complex, utilizes composting toilets and urinals for human waste disposal. The new building, which houses The Institute of Asian Research, is not connected to the city's sewer system. As well, a subsurface, greywater recycling system with phragmite (tall grasses) plant varieties, cleanses the greywater which is then used for on-site irrigation.
[Update: Feb 2016 - Waste Management: Sanitary wastewater is reduced through the use of the composting toilets. The composting toilets dramatically decrease the amount of wastewater that is sent to the sanitary sewer from the building. To manage the risks of pathogens from the composting toilets, the partially-composted contents of the toilets are periodically pumped out for separate processing off campus. The small amount of excess liquid generated is sent to the sanitary sewer. Based on experience to date, pumping out is expected to be required no more than every 18 months. In the original design, the plants and microbial community of the outdoor greywater recycling trench were used to treat greywater collected from sinks for irrigation. Because greywater from sinks is collected together with liquid from the toilets, the greywater is now also sent to the sanitary sewer. Water from the subsurface rainwater holding tank is fed to the greywater recycling trench to ensure that the plant life in the greywater trench is never left dry. See: Choi Building
The C K Choi Building at UBC is the first all-Clivus Multrum large-scale office-building project in Canada.
There are a total of 5 Clivus Multrum Model M28 Composters at the Choi Building...with ten flushless toilets and, in addition, several flushless, trapless ventilated urinals attached to them. Each of these Clivus Composters has an annually user capacity rated at 45,000 visits. Therefore, the total annual rated capacity for the Clivus systems there is 225,000 visits. All of the Choi building's washwater (greywater) is processed on-site separately.
For further particulars, inquiries can be directed to:
Web: Clivus Multrum
Matsuzaki Wright Architects Inc.
Suite 2410-1177 W. Hastings St.
Vancouver, B.C. V6E 2K3
Fax: (604) 685-3180
Design For the Next Millennium
The C.K. Choi Building for the Institute of Asian Research
Edited by Eleanor R. Laquian, 1996, 88 pgs.
Available at the Institute of Asian Research
C.K. Choi Building, Room 251
1855 West Mall, UBC
Vancouver BC Canada V6T 1Z2
The Composting Toilet System Book: A Practical Guide to Choosing, Planning and Maintaining Composting Toilets, a Water-Saving, Pollution-Preventing Wastewater Alternative
by David Del Porto and Carol Steinfeld 1999
8.5" x 11", 240 pages, 300+ photos and illustrations, Black and white with color cover.
In this book, you will find
To buy directly on-line follow this link:
- Descriptions of more than 40 systems--both manufactured and site-built--and their sources
- Compatible toilet stools and micro-flush toilets
- Tips on choosing, planning, installing and maintaining your composting toilet system (including what the manufacturers won't tell you!)
- The experiences of owner-operators worldwide
- Graywater reuse systems
- Regulations and advice about getting your system approved
The Composting Toilet Systems Book: A Practical Guide to Choosing, Planning and Maintaining Composting Toilet Systems
Or by mail: The Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention (CEPP)
P.O. Box 1330 Concord, MA 01742-01330
Price including shipping: US$ 33.25 (USA), US$ 43.95 (EUR 38.60) (International)The Humanure Handbook A Guide To Composting Human Manure by Joseph Jenkins Award winning second edition, Published July, 1999,302 pages, 29 photos including color, over 100 tables and figures, indexed."Written by a humanure composting practitioner and organic gardener with over 20 years experience, this second edition provides detailed scientific information on how humanure can be hygienically recycled, without fancy technological do-dads, a large bank account, toxic chemicals, or environmental pollution. This unique handbook provides information on composting, soil fertility and microorganisms, alternative graywater systems and much more."
Colin Garland teamed up with Carol Steinfeld of the Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention (CEPP) to build
a composting toilet on Isla CoronadoFuture Fertility
Transforming Human Waste Into Human Wealth
by John Beeby
Future Fertility:Transforming Human Waste into Human Wealth
Or by mail: Bountiful Gardens
18001 Shafer Ranch Road
Willits CA 95490 - 9626 USA
1995 164 pages $18.50 plus shipping"Despite all of the knowledge humankind has accumulated in the past 10,000 years, we still do not know fully how to use our urine and manure to fertilize our farmlands in a way that is simple and efficient, will not spread disease, and will benefit the soil. This knowledge is increasingly important as soils continue to lose the minerals and organic matter they need to remain fertile. Discovering how to utilize our waste as fertilizer is the challenge we must meet if our farmlands are to continue to provide us with food."
The Toilet Papers: Recycling Waste and Conserving Water
By Sim Van der Ryn
The Toilet Papers, originally published in the 1970's, provides an informative, inspiring, and irreverent look at how people have dealt with human wastes over the centuries. He also discusses the history and philosophy of turning organic wastes into a rich humus, linking us to the fertility of the soil and ensuring our ultimate well-being.
Oasis Design publishes books on greywater systems.ECO DESIGN Sustainable Housing
Build-It-Yourself Compost Toilet & Greywater Recycling System Manual
POB 2000, Fairfield Gardens
Appalachian Trail Conference/Green Mountain Club Backcountry Sanitation Manual
Pete Antos-Ketcham and Richard Andrews authored and edited the Appalachian Trail Conference/Green Mountain Club Backcountry Sanitation Manual in 2001. It is an online PDF manual that features information on several owner-built and commercially made composting toilet systems that are being used to manage human waste at high use campsites on the Long Trail and Appalachian Trail. This manual and the systems would be of interest to those who want to manage sewage in the frontcountry or the backcountry.
To date, Biolytix filtration and Biowater systems have been installed in New Zealand, Australia and South Africa in eco-resorts, hotels, a chicken processing factory, a chefs training school and five-star lodges, as well as households and golf courses.
- Biolytix South Africa
Biolytix has the patent for "using the breakdown of waste material as the filter for cleansing wastewater." This cleverly turns the problem (the waste) into the solution! (the humus filters and cleans the wastewater) The Biolytix Waste Treatment System uses worms and other organisms to quickly recycle sewage and wastewater into irrigation water.
- Clivus Multrum
Clivus Multrum, Inc.
15 Union St.
Lawrence, MA, 01840
E-mail for info, brochures, manuals, test reports, etc.
North American supplier of 3 types of urine-diverting composting toilets (Separett, Ekologen and CITA) as well as a urine-diverter retrofit, books and
P.O. Box 1330
Concord, MA 01742
50 Beharrell Street
Concord, MA 01742
EcoTech Carousel, Sun-Mars, BioLets, Ekologen, books and plans
- Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention (CEPP)
P.O. Box 1330
Concord, MA 01742
Sells books, plans for CTs and graywater systems
- "Phoenix" Composting Toilet
Advanced Composting Systems
195 Meadows Road
Whitefish, MT, 59937
Sunergy Systems Ltd.
Box 70, Cremona,
Alberta, T0M 0R0, Canada
Phone/Fax 403 637-3973
British Columbia Office
Sunergy Systems Ltd.
2945 Haliday Crescent
Nanaimo, BC V9T 1B2, Canada
- "CTS" Composting Toilet Systems
PO Box 1928, Newport
Washington (WA) 99156-1928 USA
5 models offered with NSF International listing
Envirolet Composting Toilet
Sancor Industries Ltd.
140 - 30 Milner Ave.
Scarborough, Ontario M1S 3R3 Canada
Our telephone info is:
Canada: 1.800.387.5245 or 416.299.4818
Enviro Loo Environmental Toilet System
"Dr. Brian La Trobe is responsible for inventing and developing the Enviro Loo Environmental Toilet System. His research was humanitarian based, and was triggered by the tragic reality of the situation in his home continent of Africa."
"The desperate lack of water and the increasingly contaminated ground water supplies were his driving force. Dr La Trobe set out to create an on-site sanitation system that required very little maintenance, did not pollute the surrounding living environment, needed no direct power source and, importantly, was a durable cost effective alternative. Enviro Loo, which has been on the international market since 10 years."
- Sun Mar Composting Toilet
5370 South Service Rd.
Burlington, ON L7L 5L1 Canada
Toll-Free: 1-888-341-0782 (voice-line), 1-800-461-2461 (free-catalog)
- Nature-Loo is an Australian company specialising in composting toilet technology.
Second website: Ecoflo Water Management
PO Box 2157
Toowong Queensland 4066, Australia
Phone: (07) 3395-6800
Fax: (07) 3395-5322
2/32 Jarrah Drive
Braeside, VIC.3195 Australia
Tel 61 7 3870 5037
Fax 61 7 3870 5088
- VERA/Eco-Tech Carousel
Manufactured in Norway and now in Concord, Massachusetts.
For a detailed catalog of a wide variety of Composting toilets and greywater systems:
ECOS/Water Conservation Systems
152 Commonwealth Ave.,
Concord, MA 01742
Phone: (978) 369-3951
Fax: (978) 369-2484
- Jade Mountain Inc.
Attn: Steve Troy
P.O. Box 4616
Boulder, CO 80306 USA
fax: (303) 449-8266
Also see Jade's Composting Toilets and Jade's Greywater Systems
- Water Conservation Systems Inc.
152 Commonwealth Avenue
Concord, MA 01742
Fax (508) 369-2484
- AlasCan of Minnesota, Inc.
8271 90th Lane
Clear Lake, MN 55319
The world's only complete separation type system with ultra low flush SeaLand toilets, composting of human/organic wastes, aerobic greywater treatment and a closed loop, zero discharge ClearWater filtration, disinfection and potable recycling system.
- Aquatron International AB
Rolf Körnemark or Torgny Sundin
SE-194 02 Upplands Väsby, Sweden
Phone: +468 590 304 50
Fax: +468 590 304 94
- Ekosanic Scandinavia
P.O. Box 55
s-610 54 Nävekvarn
Biolan Oy is a Finnish company that develops, manufactures and markets wide range of products for composting and peat substrates. The Company is also involved in the development of products and techniques designed to promote the processing and utilisation of household waste and other types of waste, and the enhancement and protection of the environment, for over two decades.
Biolan Composting Toilet NATURUM
PO BOX 2
Phone: +358 2 5491 600
Fax: +358 2 5491 660
- Bio-Sun Systems, Inc.
RR#2 Box 134A
Millerton, PA 16936 USA
Telephone (800) 847-8840
- EKOLET Composting Toilets
Estetie 3, 00430
Contact: Matti Ylösjoki
Telephone: 358 40 5464775
Fax: 358 9 5635056
BioLet Composting Toilet Systems
150 East State Street
OH 43832 USA
Toll-free in USA: 1-800-5BIOLET
Peter Andersson, President
- Cotuit Dry Toilet
"When comparing the Cotuit Dry Toilet to other self contained units, you will note the absence of any mechanical devices, grates, tumblers or leveling bars, etc. to try to process the manure compost in any way."
- Source Separating Toilets
We provide a complete set of exam 70-432 and mcdst 70-271 that guides you in exact way so you will pass your real mcts 70-511 & exam 70-620 with flying colors of 70-576 vce.
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