Published by City Farmer, Canada's Office of Urban Agriculture


Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture in Nepal (Partners and Expertise)

Pradeepmani A. Dixit
Ram Bahadur Bhandari

Agro-Farm Forester's Association, Nepal (AFFAN)
Kathmandu, Nepal

C/o CESOD, Paryatak Marg, Yak & Yeti complex
P. O. Box 2303
Kathmandu - Nepal

This page includes the Acknowledgment, Summary and Table of Contents from the paper. The rest of the report (12,000 words) can be downloaded here as a PDF(120K) Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture in Nepal (Partners and Expertise)


Every one we met or were contacted during the course fo the preparation of the document was extremely helpful. All of them deserve our sincere thanks. We would like to express special thanks to Mr. Roger Finan, Regional Director, IDRC, south Asia Regional Office, New Delhi for the support.

We would also like to thank Dr. Madhav Karki from the same office for his guidance and encouragement throughout the preparation period of this manuscript.

We want to express our thanks to Mr. Prayag Manandhar for typing the manuscript and the Tandukar brothers for helping us bring the document in the present from. We would also like to thank everyone else who helped us in the course of this work.

Urban Agriculture (Partners and Expertise)


Urban population is increasing in all the urban areas in Nepal. More satellite towns are getting established and older cities are getting more crowded. Traditional agricultural systems are changing. Farming in or around urban and peri urban areas is getting more sophisticated and focused. The urban and peri urban agriculture (UPA) covers a wide range of activities resulting in production, processing, preservation, marketing and consumption of food. It also provides livelihood opportunities for the urban population. UPA also assists to bring better environment. This report contains the names, addresses and major activities of Government Organizations, Non Government Organizations, International Non Government Organizations, Community Based Organizations, Cooperative Organizations and Individuals who are involved in UPA activities in Nepal.

It was not an easy task to make this report because UPA has been given the least importance as far as agricultural development planning is concerned. Documentation in UPA is almost non-existant except for very few publications which focus on specific issues only. These publications have not been updated. There is a general acceptance that agriculture is synonymous to rural areas. Plans, Programmes and projects for agricultural improvement have rural focus and are rural community oriented. To many, urban agriculture is a fad or whim popular amongst very few who practice it for their own personal benefits. The contribution of UPA to the well being of urbanites and the development and sustainability of urban cities and towns has not been acknowledged and recognized. The general concept of farming being the sole responsibility of rural farmers living in rural areas dominate amongst policy makers. This has resulted in the complete isolation of this important group of food producers who have been feeding the millions in cities.

We have, after extensive survey, communication and consultation identified a large number of individuals, organizations, institutions who have participated in programmes which can help the UPA. Groups have been formed to safe guard business interests or to act as pressure groups to influence UPA policies.

Local UPA practitioners have formed community based organizations (CBOs) and community groups (CGs) to help each other or their trade. NGOs, INGOs, have programmes in urban areas as part of their other activities which have helped urban food production. We have included all of them in this directory.

We have also traveled extensively to meet and discuss UPA with the actual farmers who are directly involved in production, processing, marketing of food in urban and peri urban areas. Their names, addresses and specific activities have been included.

To make the directory more representative, local publications from various sources have been reffered to. The address given in them have been verified; checked and confirmed before being included in this directory.

This publication can be a useful companion/reference material for anyone who is interested in urban and peri urban agriculture in Nepal. The names and addresses presented in this publication was collected from within the whole country.

We have already mentioned above that it was a difficult job to collect, verify and include the names in this directory. There may be many other organizations which participate directly or indirectly in UPA development but which have not been included in this directory. We would be very glad to include them in future publications. The only reason why they were not included was because we did not know about them.

Finally we want to thank the International Development Research Centre Canada (IDRC, Canada) South Asia Regional Office, New Delhi for their support to complete this work.

Pradeepmani A. Dixit
Ram Bahadur Bhandari
Agro-Farm Foresters' Association-Nepal (AFFAN)

This work was completed with a grant assistance from THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTRE (IDRC), South Asia Regional Office, New Delhi, India.


Background 1
A. Food grain production 4
B. Vegetable Farmers 4
C. Fruit production 6
D. Meat production 9
E. Fish production 11
F. Local Chicken 12
G. Poultry Producers 14
H. Animal Feed and Poultry Feed Producers 16
I. Butchers Association 17
J. Dairy and Milk Producers 17
K. Organic Farmers 18
L. Floriculturists 19
M. Mushroom and Honey 20
N. Food preservation and Agro Processing 21
O. Spices and herb processors 22
P. Organic Waste Managers 23
Q. Demonstration sites/Roof Top Agriculture 24
R. Government Agencies/Financial Institutions 25
S. Research organizations and Scientific Manpower 27
T. NGOs and INGOs 28
U. Community Based Organizations/Community group 30
V. Associations/Societies 31
W. The Cooperatives 31
X. Lead Farmers 32
Y. Trouble Shooters 32
Annex - 1 34-39

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Revised Jan 12, 2014

Published by City Farmer
Canada's Office of Urban Agriculture